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Key Facts About Belgium

Belgium is located in western Europe and has been part of the EU since 1958, Belgium uses the Euro and has three main languages: Dutch, French and German. Belgium's population is roughly 11.35 million.

Belgium is part of the Schengen zone.

You can find Belgium's telephone dialling code here.

Belgium is bordered by The Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, France to the west, and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg to the south. Belgium has three language-based communities and three regions: Flemish in Flanders (north), French and German in Wallonia and the capital Brussels which is considered neutral.

The most important sectors of Belgium’s economy are public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities , wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services and industry.

Useful Links

Embassy Information for Belgium and Ireland

The Irish Embassy in Belgium is located in the capital, Brussels.

The Belgian Embassy in Ireland is in Dublin.

World Bank - Doing Business Reports

A PDF created by World Bank for doing business with Belgium in 2019. The report includes Economy Profile, Starting a Business, Construction Permits, Getting Credit, Protecting Minor Investors, Paying Taxes, Trading Across Borders, Labour Market Regulations and more.

Belgian Ports

View Seaports of Belgium on with information on anchorage depth and types of harbours.


Belgian cities with airports and further aviation information.

Tax & VAT Information

Find out about taxes in Belgium and how to verify VAT numbers.

Enterprise Ireland in Belgium

Enterprise Ireland offer Export Assistance. They have an office in Brussels.


Belgium has multiple SME Associations, some of which are linked to SMEunited (the association of crafts and SMEs in Europe). Find out more about their SME members.

Location of Belgium